Kompositfüllungen und ihr Anwendungsprozess

1. April 2024

Composite Fillings and Their Application Process In the realm of modern dentistry, composite fillings have become a popular choice for restoring teeth that have been affected by decay or damage. Not only do they offer an aesthetic advantage by blending seamlessly with the natural color of teeth, but they also provide durability for small to midsize restorations. In this blog, we’ll explore what composite fillings are, their benefits, and the detailed process involved in applying them.

What are Composite Fillings?

Composite fillings, also known as tooth-colored fillings, are made from a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles. They are used to repair a tooth affected by decay, cracks, fractures, or wear. One of the key benefits of composite fillings is their ability to closely match the color of your natural teeth, making them an ideal choice for visible areas.

Benefits of Composite Fillings

  • Aesthetics: The shade of composite fillings can be closely matched to the color of existing teeth, making them virtually invisible.
  • Bonding: Composite materials bond directly to the tooth structure, providing additional support to the tooth.
  • Versatility: These fillings can be used not only for cavities but for repairing chipped, broken, or worn teeth.
  • Tooth-sparing: Less tooth structure needs to be removed compared with amalgam fillings when preparing for the filling.

The Application Process

1. Preparation: The first step in the application of a composite filling is to remove the decay and prepare the tooth. This involves numbing the area around the tooth with a local anesthetic. The dentist then uses a drill or laser to remove the decayed material and shapes the space to prepare it for the filling.

2. Isolation: The tooth must be kept dry and free from saliva during the filling process. Therefore, the dentist isolates the tooth using a rubber dam or cotton rolls.

3. Layering: The composite material is applied in layers. Each layer is then cured or hardened using a specialized light that activates the chemicals in the composite to harden it quickly.

4. Shaping: After the composite has been applied, the dentist will shape the composite to fit the tooth. Shaping is critical as it affects your bite and how natural the filling looks.

5. Polishing: Once the filling is in place and the desired shape is achieved, the final step is polishing. Polishing the filling ensures that it is smooth and resistant to staining and early wear.


After receiving a composite filling, patients may experience some sensitivity to hot and cold in the beginning. However, this sensitivity usually diminishes over time. To ensure the longevity of your fillings, maintain good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.


Composite fillings are a reliable, aesthetic, and effective way to restore the functionality and appearance of decayed or damaged teeth. With proper care, these fillings can last for many years, contributing significantly to oral health and self-confidence. If you think composite fillings might be right for you, consult with your dentist to discuss your options.

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